Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the type that develops only due to aging without a specific cause. It is a disease of the macula, the main visual point (yellow spot). Some risk factors such as smoking, genetic predisposition, light hair color and eye color, and unhealthy eating habits are known. There are two types, wet and dry:
Dry Type: Dry type appears more frequently. Druzen is characterized by the formation of yellowish oil deposits. A slow course may occur with loss of vision and especially in the middle of the visual field as a black area.
Age Type: It constitutes 10–15% of age patients and can cause severe vision loss. It is characterized by new vessel formation in the region called macula. It can cause irreversible (permanent) vision loss due to bleeding and wound tissue in the vessels.
Symptoms of Macular Degeneration
If the macular function is lost, the central vision will be affected, initially distant and nearby objects are seen as curved, a black focus occurs in the center of the visual field, while at the same time the vision is impaired in the dark. Therefore, the person's daily life is greatly affected by damage to the macula, and activities such as driving and reading cannot be done. Although macular degeneration affects the central part of the retinal layer, it reduces vision but does not affect the vision.
For example; Although the outer part of the watch can be seen around the clock, the watch itself cannot be seen and it cannot be understood. Macular degeneration itself does not cause complete visual loss. However, it can cause a significant decrease in vision.
Diagnosis of Macular Degeneration
Early diagnosis and early treatment is of great importance. Because of the existing treatments, the loss of vision cannot be reversed, but its progression can be stopped. You should have your eyes checked regularly for early diagnosis. In addition to the routine examination in which the visual acuity is evaluated, an extensive retinal examination is of great importance in the diagnosis of the disease. In addition to regular doctor checks for early diagnosis, a simple self-test is also available. Treatment of macular degeneration Anti-oxidant treatment is applied as a preventive treatment for age-related yellow spot disease.
High doses of vitamins A, C, E and zinc are taken orally in pill form. With the treatment applied under the supervision of a doctor, the progression of the disease is prevented. In age-type age-related yellow spot disease, intraocular needle (anti-VEGF drug injection) treatment is applied. If the new vessel development causing the wetness is outside the center of the yellow dot, argon laser treatment is applied. Argon laser, photodynamic therapy and drug injection into the eye are not used in dry-type ovary yellow spot disease.
* For informational purposes only, consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment