Strabismus is the loss of the parallelism of both eyes. There are six extraocular muscles in each eye. The lack of force or excess in one or more of these causes the eyes to slip. Since there are two different images in the brain when the eye is shifted, the brain will suppress the image coming from the floating eye, which will result in a reduction in the sense of depth and vision provided with both eyes. In adults, the complaint of double vision arises because the suppression of the image from the floating eye can no longer be performed.
Early diagnosis of strabismus treatment is very important for effective treatment. Strabismus examination can be performed for children of all ages. However, children under the age of 4 should undergo an eye examination. When the diagnosis is late, there are permanent aesthetic problems and permanent visual impairment.
Types of Strabismus: Strabismus is named according to the direction in which the eyes shift:
Strabismus Down (Hypotropia)
Inward Strabismus (Esotropia)
Outward Strabismus (Exotropia)
Causes of Strabismus
It is not known exactly how strabismus occurs. The movement of the eyes is caused by 6 muscles. These muscles move the eyes to the right, left, up and down. These muscles should work in harmony. In order for us to follow any moving object with our eyes, all these muscles must contract to maintain the angle the object makes to our eyes. The contraction of these muscles is controlled by our brain.
Strabismus Treatment Methods
Glasses: Some type of strabismus occurs due to visual impairment. Strabismus improves after the patient starts wearing glasses.
Closure Treatment: This treatment method is applied if there is laziness in the eyes of the patient.
Orthoptic treatment: This treatment consists of exercises that are applied to the eye in order to gain the visual ability and the sense of depth.
Botox treatment: Botulinum toxin injection into the muscle causing slippage is achieved in the eye parallelism, the effect is about 6 months and is more preferred in special cases such as nerve paralysis strabismus.
Surgical intervention: Strabismus surgery is mostly performed on the muscles outside the eyeball. Using a variety of techniques to correct strabismus and maintain parallelism between the eyes, the strength of these muscles is increased, decreased, or their effect points are changed.
* For informational purposes only, consult your doctor for diagnosis and treatment