What is Obesity?
It is a disease characterized by the accumulation of natural energy stored in the adipose tissue in the human body to a serious risk that threatens the life and consequently an increase in mortality rates inevitably. The definition of obesity is based on body mass index (BMI-BMI). BMI; weight, divided by the square of the neck in meters. According to this;
BMI <20 kg / m2
BMI 20-24.9 kg / m2
BMI 25-29.9 kg / m2
BMI> 30 kg / m2
BMI> 40 kg / m2
Serious (Morbid) Obese (35 kg / m2 if other diseases are considered serious obese)
Why Obesity Occurs?
When the balance between the calories taken and the spent calories is broken in favor of “taken”, excess calories are stored in the fat cells by the organism for future use. Surplus substances that will not be used in the foods taken are stored as “fat.. If the person provides continuous intake and destruction or use is not provided, storage oils will multiply and obesity will occur. There is a wrong idea among the people here. The thought of ırım If I consume more fat, I will gain weight ” Of course, this is a correct idea, but not only by consuming excess fat, but also consuming excess carbohydrate food (sugary and starchy foods) is stored as fat because excess carbohydrate is converted into fat by the body.
The human body is programmed to work extremely economically. It consumes little energy for its normal function. So it is extremely easy to gain weight. In return, losing weight is not as easy as taking. Excess carbohydrate (sugar and starch as is commonly known) and proteins taken biochemically in the body are easily converted to fat by the liver by going through a series of biochemical processes if not used. This is even easier for people who do not engage in active sports. The so-called desk work of our age, which we call sedentary life, is a condition that contributes greatly to the development of obesity.
The regeneration of sugars and proteins from fat, which is easily transformed into fat when needed, requires extremely complex reactions. Therefore, stored fat ani that is, weight gain amaz can not be easily spent. As long as this situation continues, the weight gained cannot be given. This puts the person depressed and, in some cases, depression encourages eating, and the person enters a vicious circle. With the urge to eat, weights are taken more and lead to more depression and this increases the desire to eat. Thus, it becomes inextricable.
A similar situation exists for people who have weak control over their will to resist eating. When asked, these people know all the diets and even applied. However, they can easily state that they give 2-3 kg and get 10 kg back. Because, in inappropriate weight loss programs, especially in dietary practices that are far from scientific, if the organism is starved, the organism minimizes the energy it consumes for vital organs, which we call basal metabolism, in order not to waste the energy contained in it. Such that the rate of metabolism regresses to ¼ of normal. So everything he eats is above one's need. They remain in the person as fat accumulated calories. In a kind of war-time famine, as in the distribution of rationing bread. This is the reason why such hunger diets cannot lose weight. Since the hungry person cannot continue this state for a long time, he eventually surrenders to the food and turns to food intake in an uncontrolled way. This intake occurs in the form of pre-dietary intake of what kind of food is predisposed to the person. Thus, 2-3 kg given during the fasting diet is taken back.
Therefore, those who do not enter the obesity limit overweight (BMI 25-29.9 kg / m2, BMI up to 35) under the control of the dietitian without starving, the body should make a diet without putting into a state of war. Otherwise, the incident can go no further than beating water in the mortar.